Main types of active energy:
The active, kinetic energy is provided by a component with the minimum amount of energy to start a reaction. The barrier of Activation energy is determined by the strength of available kinetic energy to do work within a system that has potential energy.
Energy from the motion of an object has a kinetic force produced by the mass of the object and its velocity. Equally, the potential of an object can be measured with mass of the object, the acceleration due to gravity, and the height of the object relative to the reference point (surface).
A flow of electric charges is associated as a form of active kinetic energy. Not to be confused with electricity stored in electric fields, which is a form of potential energy.
When the bonds in chemical compounds are broken and reformed, the chemical energy released transforms into other forms of energy, including thermal, radiant, and kinetic energy. Until this energy release potential energy is stored in the bonds between atoms in a chemical compound.
Chemical atomic bond breaking and nuclear atom splitting are completely different and should not be confused. Chemical energy and nuclear energy are two distinct forms of energy that store and release in different ways. Chemical energy stored in the bonds between atoms is released through chemical reactions or physical processes such as temperature changes or burning. The stored nuclear energy in the nucleus of an atom and is released through processes such as nuclear fission or nuclear fusion.
The kinetic energy component of nuclear energy is associated with the motion of the neutron particles involved in a nuclear reaction. During the nuclear reaction, the kinetic energy of the particles transforms its energy with electromagnetic radiation and thermal energy conversion. Nuclear energy is released through processes such as:
- Nuclear fission (splitting of the nucleus into two or more smaller nuclei)
- Nuclear fusion (combining two or more smaller nuclei into a larger nucleus).
Nuclear potential energy is stored in the nucleus of an atom and released through processes such as:
- Nuclear fission (from uranium-235)
- Nuclear fusion (from Tritium and Deuterium)
The motion of kinetic energy is proportional to an objects mass and velocity in the mechanical system. Kinetic energy is a conserved quantity, it remains constant in an isolated system, energy is neither added nor taken away from the system unless affected by an external force. The potential energy in the mechanical energy is calculated from the total sum of an objects motion and position relative to its environment.
It is important to note, a mechanical systems environment may require further calculation of other transferred energies.
Magnet attraction is not a kinetic force. Kinetic energy arises from movement of charges in a magnetic field. Magnetic energy can cause charged particles to move on a conducting material, transferring as kinetic energy to a conducting component.
Potential energy is the energy stored in a magnetic field.
The electromagnetic radiation wave has kinetic energy, including visible light and invisible light such as, radio waves, microwaves, X-rays, and gamma rays.. An object exposed to any duration of radiant energy gains potential energy transferred to thermal and or chemical potential energy.
The movement of the particles within a substance is also known as thermal kinetic energy, this Internal Kinetic Energy relates to the temperature of a substance. Thermal energy can be generated by a variety of sources, including steam, combustion, electrical heating, and radioactive decay. Due to the thermal interactions between particles, stored potential energy can be released by applying pressure to the atomic balance.
Sound (Vibrational) energy
The vibration of an object (items, atom or molecule) relates to kinetic energy, the velocity and displacement of the object is responsible for the transfer of kinetic energy in a vibrational system. A cycling transfer of vibrational energy is considered as potential energy because it is stored in a system.
An object under the influence of gravity is a type of kinetic energy associated with motion. The potential energy is determined by an object’s mass and position relative to the centre of a gravitational field or a reference point.